Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management

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Don’t Be Caught Off Guard By Eye Disease

While the risk of developing eye diseases increases over time, that isn’t the scariest part about them. One of the worst parts about developing an eye disease is the fact that some can form over the years without showing any symptoms at all. Then, before you even knew something was wrong, your vision is then irreversibly damaged for the rest of your life.

We include eye disease detection tests in every single eye exam we offer. Annual eye exams give your optometrist the chance to detect eye disease in their earliest stages before permanent damage to your vision and eye health has occurred.

So don’t wait! Take a proactive approach with your eye health. Book an eye exam with us today.

Common Eye Diseases & Conditions

Glaucoma is one of the most common eye diseases, and our risk of developing this serious condition increases as we age. Glaucoma has earned the nickname “the silent thief of vision” because it can develop slowly over time without showing any symptoms.

Glaucoma usually develops when blockages form in the drainage canals of your eyes. When this happens, the intraocular pressure of your eyes (IOP) builds up slowly over time, gradually damaging your optic nerve and causing permanent vision loss.

The two most common forms of glaucoma are:

  • Open-angle glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma and can take years to exhibit symptoms. It occurs when the drainage canal of your eye, known as the trabecular meshwork, becomes blocked. This prevents fluids from exiting your eyes. Over time, the fluid builds up and raises IOP levels, putting pressure on your optic disc, causing damage and vision loss. An optometrist can detect open-angle glaucoma using a comprehensive eye exam.
  • Closed-angle glaucoma. Closed-angle glaucoma, sometimes known as angle-closure glaucoma, is less common than its open-angle counterpart but is much more severe. This condition forms when the drainage angle between the iris and cornea closes off completely, causing the IOP levels to rise rapidly. This often leads to permanent vision damage. You can tell if this is happening if you are starting to feel sudden eye pain, headaches, flashes and floaters, or even loss of vision. Closed-angle glaucoma is considered to be a medical emergency and needs immediate treatment.

Another form of glaucoma, known as normal-tension glaucoma, can develop without raising IOP levels. Doctors aren’t sure how this occurs, but they can still detect it using a comprehensive eye exam.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that can slowly harm the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision. The risk of developing this disease typically increases with age. Still, smoking, having diabetes, or having a poor diet can all increase your risk of developing AMD.

There are two versions of this disease:

  • Dry AMD. Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease and can develop as a result of ageing. As you grow older, small deposits of drusen form under the retina that causes your macula to thin and deteriorate. When
  • Wet AMD. Wet AMD is not nearly as common as dry AMD, but it is far more severe. When you have Dry AMD, abnormal blood vessels can form underneath the retina. These blood vessels can break and leak fluids into the macula, causing severe damage to your central vision. Wet AMD is considered to be a medical emergency and requires treatment immediately.

Diabetic retinopathy can only develop if you already have diabetes. When your blood sugar levels are too high, your blood becomes thicker. This can cause blockages to form in the blood vessels behind your retina. The eye then attempts to compensate for the blocked blood vessels by growing new ones to help nourish the eye, but these new vessels are delicate and break easily.

When these vessels break, they can leak fluids into your retina, causing the retina to swell and leading to vision damage.

Cataracts are a common eye condition that many of us will develop as we age. As you get older, the crystalline lens of your eye becomes more opaque and less flexible, creating a cloudy, milky film that can impede your vision.

Optometrists may suggest workarounds such as contact lenses, glasses, magnifying aids, or anti-glare glasses. However, if you are looking for a permanent option, cataract surgery can help cure your cataracts.

Conjunctivitis, sometimes known as pink eye, is an eye condition that develops on the conjunctiva of your eye. No matter the root cause, patients often experience symptoms of redness, itchiness, irritation, or dryness. Some patients may experience a stringy discharge, which can harden into an uncomfortable crust.

There are a few common types of conjunctivitis:

  • Allergic conjunctivitis. You can develop this form of conjunctivitis if you have an allergy to pet hair, pollen, dander, or dust. It typically doesn’t require treatment from an optometrist. Eye drops and allergy medications can usually help you manage your symptoms.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis. Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by a bacterial infection. This version of conjunctivitis is contagious, so please stay home from work or school until your symptoms have completely subsided.
  • Viral conjunctivitis. Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and will require treatment from an optometrist. Since it spreads quickly and easily, you should avoid public spaces until your symptoms have completely subsided.

Visit Us Today

Our office is conveniently located just off College Ave West, right next door to the Guelph Campus Co-operative, and right across the street from OVC Small Animal Clinic. We offer plenty of parking right in front of our clinic. To enter, take the turnoff on to Borden St and come in from behind our building. You can then easily circle in front of the clinic to park!

Our Address

21 College Ave West
Guelph, Ontario N1G 1R7

Contact Information

Phone: (519) 822-2710
Fax: (519) 822-7877
Mondays
8:30 AM – 8:00 PM
Tuesdays
8:30 AM – 7:30 PM
Wednesdays
8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
Thursdays
8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
Fridays
8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
Weekends
Closed

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